What to Know for the 2022-2023 Flu Season
How long does the flu season last? Although the flu can strike at any moment, flu season typically begins in October and lasts until May.
The optimum period to get vaccinated against the flu is between September and October. You should have it by the end of October, ideally. Even yet, the CDC advises vaccination through November or December even if you miss that window.
Everyone who is older than 6 months old should get vaccinated against the flu. Although extremely rare, pregnant women, those with certain chronic diseases, and those who have severe allergies to vaccine ingredients like gelatin and antibiotics may all be at risk from receiving specific types of flu shots. If you're unsure, consult your doctor.
Who is most severely affected by the flu?
The flu and its consequences, such as pneumonia, bronchitis, sinus and ear infections, are particularly dangerous for children, older people, pregnant women, people with chronic medical conditions, and healthcare workers.
Young children under the age of two are particularly at risk. The best course of action is to make sure everyone in their immediate vicinity is immunized. Children aged 6 months and less are also significantly more prone to experience difficulties, but they are too young to receive vaccinations.
Due to compromised immune systems, persons 65 and older are more at risk than younger, healthier adults. Usually, the majority of flu-related fatalities and more than half of flu-related hospitalizations are caused by these older persons.
Women who are pregnant and those who have just given birth are more likely than non-pregnant women to experience serious sickness.
Complications are more likely to occur in people with chronic medical conditions. These circumstances include: asthma, diabetes, heart condition, obesity or a weakened immune system brought on by illnesses like cancer, HIV, or others.
What flu symptoms are typical?
They typically arrive faster than cold symptoms do. They include weariness, headache, sore throat, runny nose, chills, fever, feeling feverish, and the flu-like symptoms of chills, cough, sore throat, and runny nose. Diarrhea and vomiting are less frequent. Children experience vomiting and diarrhea more frequently than adults do.
A temperature is not always present in flu patients. If you suspect that you have the flu, you should stay in and take it easy while avoiding interaction with others aside from to receive medical attention. After the fever goes down, stay away from others for at least 24 hours to prevent the flu from spreading.
Watch out for urgent warning indications that you could be experiencing severe flu-related problems.
What are the flu's treatments?
Antiviral medications can minimize your symptoms and cut your illness period in half or by two days. These are prescription drugs that come in a variety of dosages, including pills, liquids, powder for inhalation, and IV solutions. If they are appropriate for you, ask your doctor.
Additionally, they could cause side effects like nausea and vomiting, and they might increase the likelihood of headaches and psychiatric side effects. Daily preventive measures are crucial. Avoid interacting with sick people, and maintain good hygiene by often washing your hands and coughing into your elbow.
How can I guard against the flu?
We are all already accustomed to taking precautions against COVID. By following the same guidelines, you can avoid contracting the flu. Be sure to:
- Stay away from anyone who appears to be unwell with the flu.
- If you are experiencing flu-like symptoms, stay at home to protect others.
- Hands should be washed frequently with soap and water.
- Cover both mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze.
- Don't touch your lips, eyes, or face.
- Clean and sanitize frequently used surfaces on a regular basis.
All of these precautions will be beneficial, but the best defense against influenza disease and its complications is to obtain the flu shot. For the majority of people, the flu vaccine is secure and reliable. Before the flu season starts, discuss getting the flu shot with your healthcare physician.
Flu season actually lasts all through October until May. Although the flu season is largely consistent from year to year, the severity of a season cannot always be predicted. The best defense against the virus is receiving a flu vaccine.
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